The Invisible Women: Nameless and Forgotten Stories of the Rubber Boom (Bolivian Amazonia, 19-20th centuries)

"Indias" Indigenous women (II) by Dr. Emil Bauler, 1908-1911 © Private Collection Wolfgang Wiggers


The Nameless-Stories research project aims to reconstruct and revalue female agency during the "Rubber Boom" in Bolivian Amazonia. The goal is to rescue the testimony of indigenous women neglected by the historical sources on the account of their ethnic condition, as well as the social agency of the Creole or European female laborers who were "silenced" by the sexist bias of regional historiography or rendered invisible as immigrant settlers.

Rami, Alto Ivon (I), Beni, Bolivia, 2000 © Private Collection Lorena Córdoba / Diego Villar
"Indias" Indigenous women (I) by Dr. Emil Bauler, 1908-1911 © Private Collection Wolfgang Wiggers


Nameless-Stories proposes an alternative reading of historical documents and memories of the rubber era that sheds light on the female protagonists of the Rubber Boom that not only played a decisive role in the industry but were rather heterogeneous and diverse. The overall objective is to rescue from oblivion the plural voices, experience, and perspectives of and about indigenous rubber women (siringueras, cooks, maids, seamstresses, washers, lovers, bush wives), but also the Creole or European women who arrived in the Amazon to work in the industry, or simply to join their parents or husbands in the great rubber adventure

The project will carry on a multidisciplinary approach that reconstructs the agency of women by repositioning them in a more visible place within the local archives and regional history.

Iba, Alto Ivon (II), Beni, Bolivia, 2000 © Private Collection Lorena Córdoba / Diego Villar

This general goal leads to two objectives:

  1. The first objective is to create a participatory and open access web archive about the multiethnic female actors of the rubber boom, thus rendering the information accessible to the Bolivian public, and to those interested in the Amazonian history. The archive will mainly consist of historical archives, documentary sources and above all collections of ethnographic data, unpublished texts, and little-known pictures on Indigenous, Creole, and European women during the extractive period. 
  2. The second objective is to develop a critical re-reading of the documentary, historical, journalistic and literary sources of the rubber period, in order to revalue the multiple ways of female participation in the extractive endeavor. The project aims to articulate this data with an updated ethnographic perspective that will reconstruct the oral memory and life-stories of European, Creole and Indigenous women involved with rubber through a continuum of direct or indirect relations that ranged from barter to wage labor, from marriage alliance to compadrazgo (fictive kinship), and from commerce to sexual violence, kidnapping and even enslavement.
"Indias" Indigenous women (III) by Dr. Emil Bauler, 1908-1911 © Private Collection Wolfgang Wiggers


Nameless-Stories expected results are:

  1. An open-access web archive of visual, oral, and textual memories on the rubber boom with special emphasis on the various experiences of Indigenous, Creole, and European women. 
  2. Two articles in high impact journals: one ethnographic/historical paper and one methodological paper about the methodological implications of the research.
  3. A written monograph on the matter, to be edited and published jointly by several scientific institutions in Italy and Bolivia.


"Cachuela San Antonio" by Dr. Emil Bauler, 1908-1911 © Private Collection Wolfgang Wiggers

News and events

file pdf 1 March 2024 - Book presentation: “La reina del Orthon" [ITA] 1 MB
file pdf 21 February 2024 - "Laboratorio Fonti e Metodi per lo studio dell'America Latina" [ESP] 3 MB
file pdf 25 August 2023 - "Taller de Investigacion Multidisciplinario" [ESP] 3 MB
file pdf June 2023 - "II Congreso Internacional Humanidades Digitales" [ESP] 609 KB
file pdf 24 May 2023 - Atelier Humanités Numériques [FRA] 259 KB
file pdf 25 April 2023 - "Oportunidades de movilidad y cooperación científica" [ESP] 329 KB
file pdf 29 March 2023 - "Euraxess - AGENDA Investigar en Europa" [ESP] 249 KB
file pdf 2 March 2023 - "Roads in protected areas? Problems of the new amazonian frontiers and the multiple perspectives of development" 591 KB
file pdf February/May 2023 - "Il silenzio delle ragazze. Gli studi di genere fra storia e antropologia. La memoria delle donne: parentele, gruppi sociali, comunità, individui" [ITA] 2 MB
file pdf February/May 2023 - Demo-etno-antropologic laboratory [ITA] 261 KB
file pdf 19-21 January 2023 - "La velocidad en mundos lentos. Accidentes, máquinas y sociedades en América del Sur" [ESP] 2 MB
file pdf September/October 2022 - Seminars of South American lowland anthropology [ESP] 2 MB
file pdf 13 September 2022 - "Conflitti ambientali e visione del futuro tra i Chacobo della Bolivia: alcune riflessioni a partire dal lavoro di campo" [ITA] 96 KB
file pdf 7 June 2022 - Presentation of Marie Curie projects 2019-2020 [ITA] 1 MB
file pdf March/May 2022 - "Il silenzio delle ragazze. Leggere le donne" [ITA] 400 KB
file pdf 4 February 2022 - "Antropología en singular. Historias menores de las tierras bajas sudamericanas" [ESP-ITA] 4 MB
file pdf 2 February 2022 - "Radiografia degli spazi estrattivi sudamericani: modelli sociali, tecnologia e relazioni di genere nei territori indigeni e creoli" [ITA-ESP] 5 MB

Related links


The Secondment at IHEAL-CREDA [FRA] will allow to acquire specific skills of digital conservation and management of indigenous memories and the modalities of virtual access to open-access archives, which is the axis of the current trajectory of the proposed supervisor at the proposed institution: Dr. Nicolas Richard [FRA]